Urbanisation, state formation processes and new capital cities in the Western Balkans

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Hajdú, Zoltán
Rácz, Szilárd
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The collapse of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the formation of new states on the former territory of the SFRY affected not only the citizens of the former Yugoslavia, but also all states on the Balkan Peninsula. Greece had serious reservations over the establishment of the Republic of Macedonia. The collapse of the SFRY has also meant that in some Yugoslav successor states proportion of Albanian inhabitants has become signifi cant and their economic and political importance has grown. Instead of former inner administrative borders, new state borders have been raised. Some of the new borders have turned into closed ones, and almost give the appearance of classical military borders. International borders and crossing facilities have divided special state units in the former unitary political geographical space. The most uncomfortable question within the “separation process” was: “Who has the right to self-determination?” Within the complicated political situations an ambition manifested itself that the “peoples”, the “nations”, the republics, “the majority settlement areas” have a right to and opportunity for self-determination. The past two decades have brought basic changes in the whole Balkan Peninsula, especially on the territory of the former Yugoslavia, where spatial structures and settlement network were not devoid of changes either. Historical and political literature studying the single countries’ transformation is large and far reaching, however, urban network and spatial structure focused overview has been, so far, missing from the range of research.
Balkán országok , Balkán régió , politikai földrajz , urbanizáció , urbanizáció - Balkán régió , városhálózat - Balkán régió , nacionalizmus , határok - Balkán régió
Acta Universitatis Palackianee Olomucensis Facultas Rerum Naturalium Geographica 42:(2) pp. 63-77. (2011)