Environmental impacts of urbanization processes on the examples of Kecskemét and Győr functional urban areas

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Hoyk, Edit
Hardi, Tamás
Farkas, Jenő Zsolt
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The rapid development of suburbs and the urban sprawl were decisive phenomenon in the urbanization process (Tímár, 1999; Gardi, 2017; Szirmai, et al. 2011), which has many economic, social and environmental impacts in the last decades (Kovács, 2014; Kahn, 2000). Our research focuses on the environmental-ecological aspects of the changes, mainly because it is relatively less explored but it has important lessons and consequences. While the main motivations to move out of cities are the closeness of nature and to have a better quality of life, ultimately it leads to negative environmental impacts because the growth of built-up areas, decrease in natural plant cover and the arise of landscape aesthetic problems (Antrop, 2004). Migrating out to suburbs causes intensive road traffic, which leads to bigger air pollution and greater fossil energy consumption; overall it has a negative impact on the fight against climate change. In the past two decades, urbanization processes and their consequences have been identified in Central and Eastern Europe, such as in Hungarian cities; for example in case of Kecskemét, Győr, or Szeged. In our study, we highlight some of these environ- mental changes and outcomes through the examples of Kecskemét and Győr, which are characterized by rapid industrial development nowadays.
szuburbanizáció , városnövekedés , területhasználat , urbanizáció , környezeti hatás , Győr , Kecskemét
Journal of Central European Green Innovation 7:(1) pp. 13-33. (2019)