Energy potential of waste: case study of the Hungarian waste management system

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Mezei, Cecília
Kovács, Sándor Zsolt
Trenyik, Tamás
Nagy, Imre
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J. J. Strossmayer University of Osijek Mechanical Engineering Faculty in Slavonski Brod
University of Pécs Faculty of Engineering and Information Technology
The paper deals with the waste based energy potential of Hungary by analysing the change of the waste management practice and the waste statistics of the country. The paper presents detailed potential analysis for the Koppány Valley area of Hungary. While the Circular Economy (CE) concept has become a flagship programme of the European Union, Hungary and other developing member states stay too far from the circular approach. Moreover, it is very complicated to calculate the CE indicators without good and detailed statistical database. In the Hungarian practice it is especially true at local/municipal level, although a lot of components of CE concept should be managed by the local governments (e.g. waste management, local economic development, local planning and legislation background etc.). Due to the Europeanisation trends, the subsidies, the multinational companies and the good knowledge transfer in the waste sector, the Hungarian waste management system became “European” in the last few years. However, the change of the governance structure resulted in challenges for local governments and waste management companies, too. The main challenges of the Hungarian waste sector are the centralisation process of the Hungarian waste management and local governmental systems, the average environmental attitudes of stakeholders, and the lack of participative planning and cooperation practice at local and regional level. However, waste is one of the renewable energy sources that are available to provide local energy/heating capacity and in doing so can reduce the level of greenhouse gas emissions. According to the global environmental sustainability concept, it is very important to reduce the waste, to change the consumer habits or to increase the selectively collected and recyclable proportion of waste. Also, the residual waste contains a considerable proportion of biomass and other burnable parts with a high energy potential. The paper is an attempt to calculate the composition of the case study area’s municipal waste and the local/regional potential based on it.
hulladékfeldolgozás , Koppány völgyi kistérség
Raos P., Galeta T., Kozak D., Raos M., Stojšić J., Tonković Z. (szerk.): 16. Skup o prirodnom plinu, toplini i vodi = 16th Natural gas, heat and water conference: 9. Međunarodni skup o prirodnom plinu, toplini i vodi = 9th International natural gas, heat and water conference. Konferencia helye, ideje: Osijek, Horvátország, 2018.09.26 -2018.09.28. Slavonski Brod: J. J. Strossmayer University of Osijek Mechanical Engineering Faculty in Slavonski Brod; Pécs : University of Pécs Faculty of Engineering and Information Technology, 2018. pp. 189-198. ( Zbornik Radova = Proceedings, ISSN 1849-0638)